TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR PARENTING WITHOUT VIOLENCE (PwV) ENDLINE ASSESSMENT IN BAIDOA, SOMALIA
Application Deadline: 14th November-19 at 10:00AM.
Send documents To:CSS.LOGISTICS@savethechildren.org
INTRODUCTION TO PARENTING WITHOUT VIOLENCE COMMON APPROACH
Save the Children, as a leading global child rights organization, has developed organization wide common approachesto address some of the biggest problems children face around the world. A common approach is Save the Chidlren’s best understanding of how to solve a particular problem for children. It is based on evidence, it can be adapted to work in multiple contexts and also replicated in different countries. Common approaches will help us raise the quality of our work. While a common approach has a comprehensive set of tools and guidance for addressing a particular problem, country offices can adapt, learn and refine these tools to find best solutions to their own context.
The Parenting without Violence (PwV) common approach is designed as a universal preventative program for use in development and humanitarian contexts to prevent physical and humiliating punishment of children and to improve positive parenting capacities of fathers, mothers, and female and male caregivers of girls and boys of all ages. PwV works with caregivers, communities and children to transform harmful and discriminatory gender norms, power dynamics and accepted practices that drive violence in the home environment. Specifically, PwV works by improving caregivers’ capacity in positive parenting, improving caregiver-child relationship, building children confidence to express their views at home, and challenge norms, gender and power dynamics behind discriminatory parenting. Located in socio-ecological framework PwV focusses on the child as an active citizen within the context of family, community and society. PwV has four components, namely: 1) providing caregivers with knowledge and skills to parent positively without resorting to violence, 2) empowering children as an active citizen in their family and community, 3) supporting communities to willfully and ably protect boys and girls from violence and 4) strengthening equitable and gender-sensitive child protection systems. As a result, the parenting without violence common approach supports the realization of Save the Children’s BE PROTECTED breakthrough that, by 2030, violence against children is no longer tolerated. It also supports the realization of several UNCRC articles, including Article 19 on the protection of children from abuse and neglect as well as SDF 16.2 on ending abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence and torture against children.
BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PWV IN BAIDOA
Save the Children is implementing the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland (MFA) funded Family Strengthening through Cash Transfer and Child Protection – project in Baidoa district of Bay region of Somalia. The project aims to support the most vulnerable families in 11 drought and conflict affected internally displaced people’s (IDP) camps and host communities by addressing their urgent basic needs to prevent further food insecurity, malnutrition, poor health and gender-based violence (GBV). The project is implemented for 9 months from April to December 2019 and it integrates food security & livelihoods support and child protection. 1725vulnerable households (HHs) were identified by community committees consisting members from Village Relief Committees (VRC) and Child Welfare Committees (CWC) by using a specific targeting criteria and a cash transfer (CT) via mobile phone have been provided to the beneficiary HHs for a period of four months. In addition, the project has conducted awareness raising on child feeding, appropriate care practices and prevention and response to violence and abuse.Running of 5 Child Friendly Spaces in 5 IDP camps are also supported and case management support for vulnerable children and their families to address different child protection concerns provided.
Some of the CT beneficiaries have been part of the PwV programme and parents and caregivers have participated in 10 structured positive parenting group sessions while at least one child from the same beneficiary HHs have participated in 9 structured children’s groups sessions. Both caregivers and children have also participated in two adult-child interaction sessions. In total, five positive parenting groups (in 5 IDP camps) have been formed and each group has had 20 participants. The groups have been mixed with more female participants than male ones (45 m and 55 f). There have been equally 5 children’s groups with equal participation of girls and boys aged 10-14 year old. The sessions were conducted once in a week from June to August and were facilitated by trained community mentors and facilitators and supported and monitored by trained Save the Children staff. Pre- and post-assessments were conducted both for caregivers and for children before starting the session and in the end by using questioners from the PwV toolkit.
PURPOSE OF THE ASSESSMENT
The endline assessment aims to assess the effectiveness of the various components of the PwV programme (specifically positive parenting group sessions, children’s group sessions and community engagement), and to better understand how different components interact to produce positive or negative outcomes. In particular, it will gather data to understand the effect of the programme on caregivers’ parenting practices and on the related community norms as well as effects on caregiver-children relationships and children’s resilience and confidence. With careful attention to ethical consideration, the endline assessment will also capture children’s experiences of parenting practices by male and female caregivers, including use of physical and humiliating punishment in the home. This is the first time when PwV has been piloted in Somalia in such a challenging environment and the key purpose is therefore to learn from successes and challenges in order to improve the use of this common approach in the future.
- To provide reliable information to be able to determine the extent to which the tested programme reduced physical and humiliating punishment of children in the home.
- Understand the overall parenting practices in the targeted areasand differences between female and male caregivers’ practices and roles and responsibilities in parenting.
- Understand the challenges and opportunities in supporting female and male caregivers to practice positive and violence free parenting.
- Understand if the programme has improved relationships between parents/caregivers and children (gender disaggregated data to be captured; i.e. relationship between female caregivers and girls/boys and relationship between male caregivers and girls/boys).
- Generate evidence, which will be shared with the project team, and the community.
- Understand how the integration of CT support and PwV programme has worked and if it has provided any additional value to the beneficiaries.
- Understand to what extend the implementation of the programme has been gender sensitive and how the gender sensitivity could be improved.
- Collect case studies both from parents/caregivers and children on how they have put the learnings into practice.
- Provide recommendations to the project team how the programme could be improved in order for it to be more relevant and efficient to parents/caregivers and children.
- Provide recommendations to the project team how to improve the monitoring and quality of implementation of the PwV programme.
APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
Qualitative and quantitative data with children, caregivers, key informants, and programme implementers will be collected. In total, we anticipate the use of seven data collection tools: 1) Caregiver Survey; 2) Child Survey; 3) Norms Case Study Survey; 4) Key Informant Interviews; 5) Focus Groups discussions with parents/caregivers; 6) Focus Groups Discussions with girls and boys by using child-friendly methodologies; 7) Focus Groups Discussions with community implementers and programme designers; and 8) Secondary Data review.
SCOPE OF WORK
The consultant will carry out the following specific activities for the consultancy.
- Develop a detailed work plan for the study.
- Produce an inception report demonstrating his/her capacity to handle the consultancy by explicitly explaining his/her understanding of the TOR that he/she deems sufficient serve the study purpose. The inception report should exhaustively cover the proposed design and methodology, analysis plan, suggested final report format among others. It should also include review and analysis of secondary data (including analysis of pre- and post-questioners collected from parents/caregivers and children) and review of data collection tools provided by SCI.
- Conduct training of enumerators and FGD and KII facilitators in line with field data collection plan and tools.
- Based on the proposed and reviewed field plan, conduct field data collection.
- Analyse primary collected data in line with the study objectives and questions and draft a report accordingly.
- Upon satisfactory review of the draft report by SCI REALM and child protection staff, the consultant will present the report findings at the PwV Adaptation Workshop.
- Respond to report queries and comments and submission of a final report.
A full report with main text should be of maximum 30 pages excluding cover page, table of contents, abbreviations, executive summary and annexes.. References should be fully cited. The analytical reports of the findings should be presented in a qualitative format supported by quantitative charts and tables. The report should as a minimum include the following elements:
- Front page with the title of the evaluation, SC name, date and authors of the report
- Table of contents
- List of abbreviations used
- Executive summary (3-4 pages) that presents the key points of the different sections
- Background and description
- Objectives and the intended use of the evaluation
- Methodology and limitations of the evaluation
- Relevant annexes
The consultant will be expected to complete the assignment in utmost 20 consultancy days. The assignment should be finalised by mid-December 2019.
ETHICS AND CHILD SAFEGUARDING
The consultant is obliged to conduct the research in an ethical manner making sure children are safe at all times. The consultant should seek the views of various stakeholders, including children. Efforts should be made to make the research process child-centred and sensitive to gender and inclusion. The consultant must respect the rights and dignity of participants as well as comply with relevant ethical standards and SC’s Child Safeguarding Policy and Code of Conduct. The research must ensure a voluntary, safe and non-discriminatory participation and a process of free and un-coerced consent. Informed consent of each person (including children) participating in data collection should be documented.
- Graduate or Postgraduate qualifications in a relevant field (e.g. Social Sciences, Development, Education);
- Proven track record and experience in child protection, child rights and child participation;
- Gender and disability sensitive;
- Good organizer and communicator;
- Comfortable working with children;
- Good capacity and experience in use of participatory and child friendly methodologies and tools;
- Previous experience in supporting and/or conducting evaluations of parenting and/or child resilience programmes.
- Submit a Technical Proposal that clearly explainsthe proposed methodology/ approach to conduct the assignment;
- Submit a detailed budget for the various activities of this assignment;
- Submit an activity plan – detailing the timeline for each activity.
- Submit relevant signed and stamped contracts of past similar works (child resilience and PWV training evaluations)
- Submit CV of the Technical lead consultant
Share your documents with email; CSS.LOGISTICS@savethechildren.org with the subject line of the email body “PARENTING WITHOUT VIOLENCE (PwV) ENDLINE ASSESSMENT IN BAIDOA”. Deadline for submission is 14thNovember 2019 at 10:00AM